Bureau of Cultural Heritage, Ministry of Culture
文化部文化資產局的成立過程，代表臺灣在文化資產保存領域中發展的軌跡。1982年《文化資產保存法》公布施行，2007 年 10月 1 日「行政院文化建設委員會文化資產總管理處籌備處」成立，成為推動全國文化資產業務的專責機關。2012 年 5 月 20 日，文化部正式成立，原文建會「文化資產總管理處籌備處」同時改制為「文化部文化資產局」(後簡稱文資局)，專責推動全國文化資產業務，執行及督導全國文化資產保存、維護、活用、教育、推廣、研究及獎助等工作。
The establishment of the Ministry of Culture’s Bureau of Cultural Heritage represented a major step in the development of culture heritage conservation in Taiwan. The Cultural Heritage Preservation Act was first promulged in 1982. On October 1, 2007, the Headquarters Administration of Cultural Heritage under the Council for Cultural Affairs, Executive Yuan was founded and tasked with work of promoting the nation’s cultural heritage. On May 20, 2012, the Ministry of Culture was formally established, and the Headquarters Administration of Cultural Heritage was reformed as the Bureau of Cultural Heritage which has continued the work of promoting Taiwan’s cultural heritage by implementing and overseeing its conservation, maintenance, utilization, education, promotion (through grants or otherwise), and research.
The importance of scientific-based restoration and conservation of textiles
Textiles are made from organic materials. Compared to inorganic items, they are relatively vulnerable to damage from external sources and environmental factors. Light, heat, humidity, micro-organisms, insects, and air pollutants can all determinately affect textiles. To lengthen their lifespan and thereby support Taiwan’s arts and crafts traditions and the cultural fabric supporting them, the National Center for Research and Preservation of Cultural Properties uses scientific testing and analysis to study the composition, structure, and color of cultural artifacts after which it suggests optimal steps for conversation and repair. The use of scientific analysis has ushered in a new era in the field of textile conservation. In this new period, innovative ideas and exciting results are being continually developed and implemented.