作品損壞狀況 Damage Status
Dust and Flyspecks
指不用溶劑或水洗的除塵方式，除去表面或嵌入纖維的灰塵、昆蟲排遺等污染物，避免污染物殘存於纖維間隙或滲入纖 維內部，影響織品保存，造成後續處理困難。歷史性織品的纖維多已劣化，淸潔可採刷、吸、吹、黏、擦、夾等方式， 淸除織品表面累積之外來污染物，淸潔時需審愼評估，可於局部先進行測試。脆弱織品吸塵時，表面可加鋪網布保護。
Repair Method One: Dry Cleaning
This refers to dust removal methods without solvents or water that aim to remove dust and flyspecks from the textile’s surface or from within its fibers to prevent containments from remaining in the spaces between fibers or in the fibers themselves which can lead to problems in future conservation and repair. Many of the fibers found in historical textiles show signs of deterioration. In this case, cleaning can be done through brushing, suction, blowing, adhesion, wiping, or tweezing methods. To removed foreign containments that have accumulated on the surface of a textile, careful evaluation is required, with tests performed in small areas at first. When vacuuming a fragile textile, the textile can be covered in a mesh to protect it.
Repair Method Two: Wet Cleaning
Depending on the type of fabric or stain, or degree of contamination, wet cleaning refers to the use of deionized water, distilled water, or pure water as cleaning agents, or (when necessary) the use of neutral PH cleaning agents to remove accumulated dirt or stains from the textile’s surface or fibers. The process of wet cleaning is carried out differently with historical textiles. In particularly fragile or damaged areas, safety measures protecting the textile are first carried out. Before wet cleaning, tests are usually first done to avoid any color bleeding or fabric shrinkage.